Biriani also referred to as Biryani is a dish of rice and meat in an extremely aromatic sauce that is typically served at special occasions such as weddings or graduations. As I grew up, my family would often eat biriani as a part of the Eid festival or for other occasions when we were celebrating. There are several reasons why I find biriani(biryani) to be interesting from both a cook’s and a scientist’s standpoint since the emphasis is on building layers of aromatics and flavors and showcasing the combination of textures and colors. In a good biriani(biryani), every aspect of the dish is superbly executed. Here are some of the reasons why biriani is so special and we will take a closer look at them.
What Is Biriani?
The Biriani(biriani) dish is characterized by a one-pot of rice dish that is topped with a thick layer of proteins such as lamb, mutton, beef, chicken, seafood, or a blend of vegetables from South Asia. In my opinion, what differentiates biriani(biryani) from other rice dishes, such as pilaf, pilau, or pulao, is the layering technique used.
Methods of preparing Biriani
The preparation of biriani can be done in a number of different ways. As far as the preparation of biriani is concerned, there are two popular methods. They are known as Kacchi and Pakki methods, respectively.
Kacchi (raw) biriani
A method of parboiling raw meat with rice is called the “kacchi” method (kacchi can be translated as “raw” in Hindi), which involves parboiling raw meat with rice.
Pakki (cooked) biriani
In other cases, the meat is cooked separately; this method is called the “pakki” method (pakki is Hindi for “cooked”). It has been said that the pakki biriani (or cooked biriani) is the most common method of preparing biriani in Pakistan, with several prominent varieties including Sindhi, Karachi-style, and Bombay biryani being some of the most popular.
It doesn’t matter how it is prepared, the aromas of the spices and herbs are infused into the meat and the rice, together with saffron threads and turmeric, which serve as brilliant hues of orange and yellow against the otherwise white background of rice that is raised in different ways during the cooking process. It is the result of the above process that a dish of rice and meat that is highly aromatic and colorful is created. Since recipes and taste preferences can differ quite a bit from region to region, and even from household to household, there are a lot of variations of biriani — like Bombay biriani, Hyderabadi biriani, etc.
Ingredients for Biriani (Biryani)
There is a wide variety of ingredients that go into making biriani, depending on the region and the type of meat and vegetables used. In addition to rice, the primary ingredient is meat, whether it be chicken, goat, beef, lamb, prawns, or fish. Traditionally, when preparing biriani, vegetables are also used as part of the preparation, as is common in dishes from the Indian subcontinent. Depending on the season and the availability of corn, corn may be used in some recipes depending on the season. In the Navratan biriani recipe, the ingredients are usually sweet and rich, such as cashews, kismis, and fruits, such as pineapples and apples, making it a more luxurious dish.
There are many spices and condiments used in biriani, including coriander, mint, ginger, onions, tomatoes, green chilies, and garlic, as well as fennel seeds, mace, ghee, nutmeg, cinnamon, pepper, cloves, cardamom, and bay leaves. Saffron is included in the premium varieties.
Biriani (Biryani) Recipes
Tandoori/Tikka Chicken Biriani
Seekh Kabab Biriani
Boneless Chicken Biriani
Mung Bean & Keema Biriani